There are certain questions like what are drones, their types, advantages etc…Here are Everything You Need To Know About Drones!!
Drones are Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV’s), that is remotely controlled or fly autonomously through software controlled flight plans in their embedded systems, and onboard sensors and GPS. UAV’s are now associated with the military used for anti-aircrafts targets, intelligence gathering and more controversially, as weapons. Drones are being in a wide range of civilian roles ranging from search and rescue, surveillance, traffic monitoring, weather monitoring and fire fighting, to personal drones and business drone-based photography, agriculture and delivery services by E-commerce companies.
Types of Drones
Drone platforms have two main types
- Rotor, including single motor and multi-rotor (such as tricopters, quadcopters, hexacopters and octocopters.
- Fixed-Wing which includes the hybrid VTOL (Vertical Take Off and Landing) drones that do not require runways.
Drones can be categorized as either personal/ hobbyist or commercial/ enterprise.
Most of them are now available for consumer use, offering HD video or still camera capabilities, or to simply fly around it. It weighs 500gm to 5kg.
They are more capable and stronger. In 2018, Boeing prototyped an unmanned electric VTOL Cargo Air Vehicle (CAV) capable of transporting up to 250kg of payload. Tethered Drones are another option, though with the obvious limitation that are physically tethered to a base station. Certain tethered drones can solve the challenge many drones face when it comes to power supply if the tether provides a direct power supply. The Safe-Tethering station for drones from Elistair, for example, offers 2.5 kW power and can fly to heights of more than 200 feet, with data transfer rates of up to 200 Mb/s.
- Rapid adoption of drones over the past decade has sparked a number of privacy, security and safety complaints and concerns. From a privacy standpoint, voyeurs and paparazzi have used drones to obtain the images of individuals in their homes or other locations secretly. Drones have also been deployed in areas deemed potentially unsafe, such as urban areas and near airports.
- Growth in commercial and personal drones has also created safety concerns, namely midair collisions and loss of drone control. Specific concerns about drones flying too close to commercial aircrafts have prompted calls for regulation.
- While many countries have established UAV regulations, others have not. As drone usage grows in popularity, laws are continually changing. Before using a drone commercially or personally, it is critical to check the laws of the country in which they are being operated.
- It trace backs to 1849 when Australian soldiers attacked Venice for seeking independence with hot air, hydrogen or helium filled balloons equipped with bombs.
- The first commonly used drone appeared in 1935 as a full size retooling of de Havilland DH82B ” QUEEN BEE” biplane, – fitted with a radio and servo-operated controls. Queen Bee is a a play in which the term first appears.