CINEMA: Nothing is so popular nowadays like cinema. it has greatly influenced us and most of us, love watching movies. Cinema has both aspects. It is a source of entertainment according to the common concept but on the other side, we all should know the technical aspects of what actually cinema is all about. Cinema is one of the wonderful inventions of modern days. With its advent, people have felt in the new thrill of life. With the development of film technology, the art of cinema has developed a language of its own.


The Lumiere\’s brothers – Louise and Auguste invented the cinema in 1895. By 1896, they projected the film onto a wall by shining light through the projector as they wound the film. The cinema had almost reached all the corners of the world. It created quite a sensation the first time it was launched, where by, and most of people were amazed and delighted.


Film Sizes – One Hundred Years

Whereas film equipment has undergone drastic changes in the course of time, 35 mm has remained the universally accepted film size. In fact, 35mm was once called the EDISON SIZE.

Chronology of Eastman Kodak Motion Picture Film.

In 1889, the first Commercial Transparent Roll Film, perfected by Eastman and his research chemist, was on the market.


IN 1904, the brothers. Auguste and Louis Lumiere patented the first commercially successful color photography process.

History of the Motion Picture Cameras

When and where were sound movies first made?

Mr. Phonofilm made the first sound movie in 1923. A new process could record sound and images were always synchronized together. Before then, the only sound in cinemas was from musicians, such as piano players, who played along with the film in the movie house.


Moving pictures work because of a trick of the eye. Each image or frame in a film sequence shows the same objects in slightly different positions. When the sequence is played fast enough, a projector shines a light through the film and projects it onto a white surface where the image appears larger.


TOY STORY: Toy Story, released in 1995, was the first full-length computer-animated movie ever made. Special computer graphics picture programs produced most of the images of toy cowboy woody and spacemen buzz light-year.

The IMAX Movie System

IMAX 3D Cinemas show 3D which is a 3-dimensional film on enormous, wrap-around screens. IMAX camera record the same seen on two rolls of film through two lenses 64mm apart 21/2 inches. The two rolls are projected at the same time. Viewers were special glasses to make sure that each eye sees the correct image for that eye.


  • The first theatre in the world exclusively devoted to showing motion pictures was the Nickelodeon, which was opened on June 19, 1905, in Pittsburgh, Penn.
  • India holds an eminent position in filmmaking in the world. It produces the highest number of films every year.
  • The Jazz singer of 1927 was the first successful talkie film with speaking actors.
  • Charles-Emily Reynaud the inventor of Praxinoscope an animation system using loops of 12 pictures, created the first animated film.

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