The Central Government has issued new rules related to abortion on 12 October 2021. The government has notified new rules related to abortion, under which the time limit for medical abortion for certain categories of women has been increased from 20 weeks to 24 weeks (from five months to six months).
These new rules have been notified under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2021, passed in Parliament in March. Under the old rules, abortion of a fetus up to 12 weeks (three months) required the advice of one doctor and medical termination of pregnancy at 12 to 20 weeks (three to five months) required the advice of two doctors. There was
These women will benefit
According to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Rules, 2021, special category of women are victims of sexual assault, gang rape or rape or incest, minors, women whose marital status has changed during pregnancy (became widowed or divorced) and women with disabilities.
According to the new rule, in a mentally ill woman, the fetus has any deformity or disease which is likely to endanger her life or, after birth, is likely to cause such mental or physical deformity as is likely to cause severe disability, Pregnant women have also been included in the humanitarian crisis area or disaster or emergency declared by the government.
decision on abortion
In these circumstances, a state-level medical board will be constituted to take a decision regarding abortion after 24 weeks (six months). The job of the Medical Board will be, if a woman comes to her with a request for abortion, then to examine her and her report and give a decision regarding whether or not to allow abortion within three days of receiving the application. The board’s job will also be to take care that if it allows abortion, then the entire process is completed safely within five days of receipt of the application.
decision to terminate the pregnancy
If a woman decides to terminate the pregnancy, the Medical Board shall, after examining the woman and her report, give an opinion on whether to accept or reject the request for termination of pregnancy within three days.